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神的历史

By 阿姆斯特朗

(18)

| Paperback | 9787544300179

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Book Description

  全书以犹太人从巴比时期的异教偶像崇拜逐渐转型到史无前例的一神概念为开端,接着讨论基督教与伊斯兰教如何在这个革命性观念的基础上,重新塑造适合他们自己社会和政治环境需求的一神概念等内容。

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  • 1 person finds this helpful

    第一章

    們可以得知的是。對於超越於肉體上的一種心靈狂喜或是或是一種深層的
    平靜,這種種為神聖心靈的經驗,並且基於這樣的基礎而對世界的探究和恐
    懼或許就是神的起源之一。也就是說去追求這種神聖心靈的經驗是構成人類
    宗教的重要因素。

    那我們也可以知道,在一些宗教上,某些的儀式和教具,會去幫助信徒去進入
    這個狀況來。很有可能古老祖先誤食了一些興奮劑或是鎮定劑。或是透過催眠
    的方式去進入這種狀況。(所以可以說吸毒是人類最原始的興趣之一。和宗教
    是人類精神鴉片這樣的事講法是正確無誤嗎?(大誤))

    好懶得寫下去喔 ...(continue)

    們可以得知的是。對於超越於肉體上的一種心靈狂喜或是或是一種深層的
    平靜,這種種為神聖心靈的經驗,並且基於這樣的基礎而對世界的探究和恐
    懼或許就是神的起源之一。也就是說去追求這種神聖心靈的經驗是構成人類
    宗教的重要因素。

    那我們也可以知道,在一些宗教上,某些的儀式和教具,會去幫助信徒去進入
    這個狀況來。很有可能古老祖先誤食了一些興奮劑或是鎮定劑。或是透過催眠
    的方式去進入這種狀況。(所以可以說吸毒是人類最原始的興趣之一。和宗教
    是人類精神鴉片這樣的事講法是正確無誤嗎?(大誤))

    好懶得寫下去喔

    重點摘要一下好了

    最原始可能所謂的一神信仰,但是因為不符合人類需求和太遙不可及
    而慢慢地被其它神祇給取代
    對於土地的疑問和崇拜會表現在女神的生殖力上面
    去進行宗教儀式是可以讓人們去接近神的狀況(神性)
    創造與毀滅重生也是原始宗教常常去討論的一點。

    美索不達米亞平原。原始部落大多是多神教(有用則拿來用的狀況)
    而耶和華可能只是一個部落神祇
    亞伯拉汗和摩西崇拜的神祇之間,可能有落差
    但是摩西崇拜的神祇用一種模擬兩可的方式讓兩者合而為一
    在聖經中仍然可以看見一些衝突的狀況。如神以人的姿態出現。可是其它地方
    卻是令人敬而遠之的
    耶和華可能是一位戰神。而且排他性強。
    出埃及記可能是一個革命的美化
    而希伯來人與耶和華訂立盟約只信仰他。可是一但平靜之後
    (可以看出西方人合約精神很早就有了-.-)
    希伯來人還是有部份選擇回到原始部落多神教的信仰
    而耶和華唯一信仰常會面臨被其它多神教吃掉。
    可是耶和華信仰都可以有適度的神績(戰鬥)來維持

    造人神話是一種說明人的神性和人為什麼神性有時有有時沒有的解釋

    印度則是透過瑜伽去追求本我和超我的合一
    原始吠佗教多半是採取疑問而非解釋
    印度精神導師的地位並不輸給神
    悉達多提出的佛教則是去追求最終的平靜而頓悟
    而神反而並沒有辦法達到,需在輪迴之中
    透過遵守一種生活方式讓自已達到最終的平靜,就是所謂的法
    (所以佛佗不是神啊!!!佛佗在死之前回答信徒要去守法就可以了不是沒道理的啊!)

    希臘因為理性的思考,所以理性佔多數
    (這一段看不太懂)

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    mark said on Jul 8, 2011 | Add your feedback

  • 1 person finds this helpful

    其實我沒看完,目前對宗教的學養還不足以讓我吸收本書的內容,但作者提出了一個值得思考的問題,所謂「事實的本身」與「建構的真實」之間其實是有差異的,《神的歷史》其實不是在討論神本身的歷史,而是在討論人類如何去認識神或詮釋神的歷史,神在古往今來中如何被人類所詮釋與論述,總之,本書關注的不是「本體論」而是「認識論」,意即關於神的「知識論」。

    就我而言,我頗能贊同作者用知識建構與論述的角度來討論所謂「神」的知識的形成與發展,特別作者出身自神職人員的背景,能夠以建構的視角來寫出這樣一本著作,絲毫不擔心 ...(continue)

    其實我沒看完,目前對宗教的學養還不足以讓我吸收本書的內容,但作者提出了一個值得思考的問題,所謂「事實的本身」與「建構的真實」之間其實是有差異的,《神的歷史》其實不是在討論神本身的歷史,而是在討論人類如何去認識神或詮釋神的歷史,神在古往今來中如何被人類所詮釋與論述,總之,本書關注的不是「本體論」而是「認識論」,意即關於神的「知識論」。

    就我而言,我頗能贊同作者用知識建構與論述的角度來討論所謂「神」的知識的形成與發展,特別作者出身自神職人員的背景,能夠以建構的視角來寫出這樣一本著作,絲毫不擔心神有被解構崩壞的危機(教會人士不太願意談論建構,因為談及建構問題絕對無可避免的要面臨解構,就跟模型一樣,要知道模型怎麼組裝一定要先拆解模型,但誰會把神當模型一樣拆掉),實屬難能可貴。每一種知識的建構與詮釋背後其實脫離不了各種派系與權力的相互角力,對神的認識論也是如此,無論神意可知或不可測知,人心中的認識的神與真正的神本身絕不可能有若合符節之處,人心中認識的神,永遠只是人用自己的知識與經驗所詮釋過的神,而不是完全真正的神或神意。

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    Misiaa2001 said on Apr 14, 2010 | Add your feedback

  • 1 person finds this helpful

    A history of how we think of God

    This is not a history of who God is, but a history of how human beings have thought about God and experienced God. Armstrong describes the history of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, but also draws links with Buddhism, philosophy and other 'be ...(continue)

    This is not a history of who God is, but a history of how human beings have thought about God and experienced God. Armstrong describes the history of Judaism, Christianity and Islam, but also draws links with Buddhism, philosophy and other 'belief-systems'. Armstrong's thesis is that any religion can only survive if it re-invents itself so that the God that it worships is useful for the worshippers. If it does not, and thinks of its creeds as eternally, universally and literally true, it will fade. Religion is a matter of human imagination. Our imagination transcends our reason and directs human beings to what they call 'god' (or any other name we have given it). Once we started to rationalize God and began thinking of him as objectively 'out there', instead of inside us, the road was paved for atheïsm. One of the interesting things of this book is that Armstrong thinks that 'atheïsm' is not something new. Atheïsm is nothing more than a shift in our thinking about god. Atheïsts can no longer live with the status quo and start to explore new ways of explaining the mystery of life.
    In the last chapter Armstrong draws lessons for the future. We lost God as we knew him, but we will find a way to fill that vacancy. God should not be something 'out there', as if we could understand him. But we should also be aware of an all too emotionally outrageous faith (e.g. charismatic evangelicals) that considers god to be a person that gives us everything we want here and now.
    Fantastic book!

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    Corstin said on Mar 2, 2010 | Add your feedback

  • 1 person finds this helpful

    Superb, with crucial omissions

    In a 400-page book covering 4000 years of western religion, you just can't cover everything. Karen Armstrong does a fabulous job of presenting various schools of religious interpretation - God of the Philosophers, God of the Mystics, etc., showing n ...(continue)

    In a 400-page book covering 4000 years of western religion, you just can't cover everything. Karen Armstrong does a fabulous job of presenting various schools of religious interpretation - God of the Philosophers, God of the Mystics, etc., showing not only how complex religion is, but also how dynamic, fluid and subjective it is.

    In this narrative, we see how the Big 3 western religions start from what is effectively a very similar, if not common, foundation of Greek tradition, and evolve along distinct, yet similar, paths on different time scales. While different paths are taken, Armstrong concludes the 3 religions have evolved what amounts to remarkably similar conceptions of God. Much of this, I have to confess, was over my head. That said, the key themes come through rather nicely.

    Many reviews lament the lack of information on their favorite topic - Gnosticism, Taoism, etc - or decry Armstrong as a no-nothing. Well, I can't see the finger-pointers' credentials in their profile, so will discount accordingly. The omission I will complain about is the politics. Armstrong takes Christianity from a fledgling faith to a power having the backing of the Roman Empire with only a couple flip sentences about Constantine adopting it, and that its ascension was unclear, but couldn't have been achieved without the Romans.

    I suppose this book focussed on the 'whats,' 'wheres' and 'whens' of religious evolution rather than the 'hows' and 'whys'. Like I said, in 400 pages you can only cover so much...

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    Andyberschauer said on Oct 9, 2009 | Add your feedback

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    對想要尋根究底的人, 這本書滿足了很多的好奇心. 是以歷史學角度講述「神」的形成過程

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    阿暖 said on Jul 4, 2009 | Add your feedback

  • 1 person finds this helpful

    Difficile

    Da seguire nei ragionamenti (nel senso che non ci si puo' distrarre), ma bel libro. La Armstrong ha capito tutto delle tre religioni 'del Libro', e ne parla bene, con erudizione, interesse e simpatia. Lettura consigliata per atei, cattolici, antiisla ...(continue)

    Da seguire nei ragionamenti (nel senso che non ci si puo' distrarre), ma bel libro. La Armstrong ha capito tutto delle tre religioni 'del Libro', e ne parla bene, con erudizione, interesse e simpatia. Lettura consigliata per atei, cattolici, antiislamici, filoislamici, israeliti, post-comunisti e in generale per tutti coloro interessati al concetto di divinita' come forma di controllo sociale. Perfino i chiesastrici puri vi troveranno qualcosa di interessante.

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    KillingTime said on Oct 2, 2008 | Add your feedback

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