This is a very ambitious and impressive book. The author is trying to use technology and tools of neurology to resolve some of the greatest myth of humanity, like, why do we have art, how language evolved, what is free will, what and why do we have self... He is trying to break the "rice-bowl" of philosophers!
Why we have art? It is possible that art is our pre-historic "virtual reality", where the people can practice and teach about vital skills like hunting.
How did language and abstract thinking evolved? It is by "cross-wiring" of different functions of the brain. Like language is the cross-wiring of vision, feeling of lip and tongue, volitional motor command of musclesand the hearing crossing-wired together...
As of free-will and self, the author suggests that the major difference human have is the psudo-representation. This representation allow us to guess other's mind. Since we have separate people as "others", self arises as well...
Interesting hypothesis of schezophenia. Since the brain wiring is earlier than the volition of moving a limb, it is possible that the schezophenia suffer in this wiring. The limb does not move on command of the mind, but earlier than the command... of course they will deduce that their mind are hijacked by extraterritials!
Another thing is that schezo patient can no longer distinguish what is the virtual image created by the mind from the real one....so, they have all kinds of hallucination and think they are real.
I am very impressed that the author can deduce so many possible theories covering such a wide spectrum of knowledge. And what is very exciting about it is that, they are all testable by experiment. So, no more lip service and argument from philosopher. We can get real to prove if a hypothesis is right or wrong... and this means, we are heading toward some real progress!...Continua