Publisher: Pearson Education (US)
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What Are the Goals of This Book?
This book was written to help you:
Understand how to combine refactoring and patterns
Improve the design of existing code with pattern-directed refactorings
Identify areas of code in need of pattern-directed refactorings
Learn why using patterns to improve existing code is better than using patterns early in a new design
To achieve these goals, this book includes the following features:
A catalog of 27 refactorings
Examples based on real-world code, not the toy stuff
Pattern descriptions, including real-world pattern examples
A collection of smells (i.e., problems) that indicate the need for pattern-directed refactorings
Examples of different ways to implement the same pattern
Advice for when to refactor to, towards, or away from patterns
To help individuals or groups learn the 27 refactorings in the book, youll find a suggested study sequence on the inside back cover of the book.
Who Should Read This Book?
This book is for object-oriented programmers engaged in or interested in improving the design of existing code. Many of these programmers use patterns and/or practice refactoring but have never implemented patterns by refactoring; others know little about refactoring and patterns and would like to learn more.
This book is useful for both greenfield development, in which you are writing a new system or feature from scratch, and legacy development, in which you are mostly maintaining a legacy system.
What Background Do You Need?
This book assumes you are familiar with design concepts like tight coupling and loose coupling as well as object-oriented concepts like inheritance, polymorphism, encapsulation, composition, interfaces, abstract and concrete classes, abstract and static methods, and so forth.
I use Java examples in this book. I find that Java tends to be easy for most object-oriented programmers to read. Ive gone out of my way to not use fancy Java features, so whether you code in C++, C#, Visual Basic .NET, Python, Ruby, Smalltalk, or some other object-oriented language, you ought to be able to understand the Java code in this book.
This book is closely tied to Martin Fowlers classic book Refactoring F. It contains references to low-level refactorings, such as:
Pull Up Method
Refactoring also contains references to more sophisticated refactorings, such as:
Replace Inheritance with Delegation
Replace Conditional with Polymorphism
Replace Type Code with Subclasses
To understand the pattern-directed refactorings in this book, you dont need to know every refactoring listed above. Instead, you can follow the example code that illustrates how the listed refactorings are implemented. However, if you want to get the most out of this book, I do recommend that you have Refactoring close by your side. Its an invaluable refactoring resource, as well as a useful aid for understanding this book.
The patterns I write about come from the classic book Design Patterns DP, as well as from authors such as Kent Beck, Bobby Woolf, and myself. These are patterns that my colleagues and I have refactored to, towards, or away from on real-world projects. By learning the art of pattern-directed refactorings, youll understand how to refactor to, towards, or away from patterns not mentioned in this book.
You dont need expert knowledge of these patterns to read this book, though some knowledge of patterns is useful. To help you understand the patterns Ive written about, this book includes brief pattern summaries, UML sketches of patterns, and many example implementations of patterns. To get a more detailed understanding of the patterns, I recommend that you study this book in conjunction with the patterns literature I reference.
This book uses UML 2.0 diagrams. If you dont know UML very well, youre in good company. I know the basics. While writing this book, I kept the third edition of Fowlers UML Distilled Fowler, UD close by my side and referred to it often.