By definition, "Rightful resistance is a form of popular contention that operates near the boundary of authorized channels, employs the rhetoric and commitments of the powerful to curb the exercise of power, hinges on locating and exploiting divisions within the state, and relies on mobilizing support from the wider public. (O'Brien and Li 2006: 2)"
According to ch.2 to ch.4, the concept is a supplement of the political opportunity. The structure of opportunity in China depends on the fragments among center-local separation and divisions of government. Therefore, the protesters can argue their rights by obtaining policy information, interpreting information by their own interests, drawing the legal boundary for themselves, upgrading the mobilization, and blaming the local elites to the center. Of course, the reliability of the center is doubtful.
The authors find some positive outcomes of the rightful resistance. In some cases, the "mass event" could stimulate the intervention of the central elites or local reformers. In this situation, the activists became more confident to what they did, so did their political supporters. Rather, the failure of protest led to the disillusionment of the center. The consequences inspired either the understanding of citizenship or the opening of local political participation....Continua