Superfreakonomics

Global Cooling, Patriotic Prostitutes and Why Suicide Bombers Should Buy Life Insurance

By ,

Publisher: Penguin Books Ltd

4.1
(747)

Language: English | Number of Pages: 288 | Format: Paperback | In other languages: (other languages) Chi traditional , Spanish , Italian , Dutch , Czech , French , Portuguese

Isbn-10: 0141030704 | Isbn-13: 9780141030708 | Publish date: 

Also available as: Hardcover , Mass Market Paperback , Others , eBook

Category: Business & Economics , Non-fiction , Social Science

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Book Description
Sequel to the international bestseller "Freakonomics", Steven Levitt and Stephen Dubner's "Superfreakonomics" is an irresistible look at the counterintuitive science of everyday life. The Freakquel is here. In "Superfreakonomics" Steven Levitt and Stephen Dubner look deeper, question harder and uncover even more hidden truths about our world, from terrorism to shark attacks, cable TV to hurricanes. They ask, among other things: What's a sure-fire way to catch a terrorist? Are people hard-wired for altruism or selfishness? Which cancer does chemotherapy work best for? Why is combating global warming easier than we think? Sometimes, the most superfreaky solution is the simplest. "Travels further than its predecessor...Levitt is a master at drawing counter-intuitive conclusions". ("Sunday Times"). "Fascinating ...studded with intriguing examples". ("Daily Telegraph"). "Like "Freakonomics", but better ...you are guaranteed a good time". ("Financial Times"). "Page-turning, politically incorrect and ever-so-slightly intoxicating, like a large swig of tequila". ("The Times"). Steven D. Levitt teaches economics at the University of Chicago.
His idiosyncratic economic research into areas as varied as guns and game shows has triggered debate in the media and academic circles. He recently received the American Economic Association's John Bates Clark Medal, awarded every two years to the best American economist under forty. Stephen J. Dubner lives in New York City. He writes for "The New York Times" and the "New Yorker", and is the bestselling author of "Turbulent Souls" and "Confessions of a Hero-Worshipper". In August 2003 Dubner wrote a profile of Levitt in "The New York Times" magazine. The extraordinary response that article received led to a remarkable collaboration.
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  • 4

    但有時覺得芝加哥經濟學派,對於錢是唯一誘因這件事,太過於如宗教般執著,反而失了真相。

    但教人用不同角度看事情,很不錯,特別是現在媒體宣導往往不是事實真相,只是假藉科學行銷,兒童汽車座椅那段很有趣,悄悄透露廠商藉由安全之名,與政府合作強迫行銷的真相

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  • 4

    非常有趣的書,作者將兩件異想不到的事情兜在一起, 用經濟學的角度來解釋討論某些事件如自殺炸彈客,謀殺案等複雜的行為與社會現象. 本書讓我知道自己受到多少傳統觀念的束縛.

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  • *** This comment contains spoilers! ***

    4

    Dopo averlo letto guarderai ai dati e alle statistiche con altri occhi. Come sempre bisogna accendere il senso critico ogni volta che qualcuno ti cerca di vendere una conclusione "ovvia".
    Mi ha stupit ...continue

    Dopo averlo letto guarderai ai dati e alle statistiche con altri occhi. Come sempre bisogna accendere il senso critico ogni volta che qualcuno ti cerca di vendere una conclusione "ovvia".
    Mi ha stupito per esempio scoprire che a causa dell'ubriachezza hai più probabilità di fare un incidente andando a piedi che guidando la macchina. Totalmente contro-intuitivo, ma i numeri dicono proprio quello.
    E poi scoprire che ci sono ricercatori che raccolgono dati sulle cose più strane e basano le loro conclusioni su dati, non su dogmi. Per esempio l'analisi del mestiere più vecchio del mondo fatta senza moralismi a priori, ma con un occhio da economista è decisamente interessante.

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  • 4

    器官交易的部分可以看the red market 人體交易那本書,不是他想的那麼乾淨簡單、拿掉顆腎臟後也不是什麼身體負擔或影響都沒有。。。

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  • 3

    Pazza economia

    Divertente, ironico, dissacrante. Il penultimo capitolo, la geo ingegneria, è forse un po' noioso (oppure ho preteso troppo dal mio poor English affrontandolo in lingua originale).
    Alcuni punti di vis ...continue

    Divertente, ironico, dissacrante. Il penultimo capitolo, la geo ingegneria, è forse un po' noioso (oppure ho preteso troppo dal mio poor English affrontandolo in lingua originale).
    Alcuni punti di vista decisamente anticonvenzionali lasciano sconcertati ma, temo, è tutto vero.
    I sedili per proteggere i bimbi non funzionano, l'inquinamento genera il calore ma al contempo ci protegge, i pazienti muoiono perché i medici non si lavano le mani,..

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  • 0

    Review Essay of Superfreakonomics

    The Driving Force Behind Levitt and Dubner’s Book “Superfreakonomics,”

    “Superfreakonomics” is a collection of studies that were performed by various economists and analyzed by the authors. These ...continue

    The Driving Force Behind Levitt and Dubner’s Book “Superfreakonomics,”

    “Superfreakonomics” is a collection of studies that were performed by various economists and analyzed by the authors. These studies seek to outline unexpected ways in which the individual or society as a whole responds to outside influences. The book also attempts to break down the reasons behind why people make the choices they do given certain circumstances, and how some data sets show those choices to be misinformed. More than that, as economists, Levitt and Dubner better inform you why specific social interactions occur and the motivation behind them. They force you to reconsider how you view the world and question why people behave the way they do.

    At the outset, the authors disclaim that “many of [their] findings may not be useful, or even conclusive” (Levitt and Dubner, 2009). While this holds true for many of the extremely enjoyable excerpts within the book, this is beside the point. What this book really tries to achieve is to provoke thought and create interest in using the study of economics to provide insight into how social interactions are incentivized and how what you think to be true may actually be false based on unconsidered data. The authors also want you to really think about human nature and the expected behavior of people. Too often, it is easy for us to take information at face value and simply decide how we feel about a particular situation based on our own background and personal knowledge. Although we can often be right in doing this, many times the correct or simplest answer is not the most obvious one. It is in this complacency that we fail to see the world through the eyes of an economist, someone who uses data to show the hidden meaning in how the world works.
    Whether you agree with the authors’ conclusions and analysis or not, some of their findings are eye-opening and at times mind-blowing. Examples such as how “a street prostitute is like a department-store Santa,” or why a group of Queens, New York residents stood idly by while a rape occurred right in front of their eyes introduce you to a reality that may surprise you (Levitt and Dubner, 2009). These concepts are laid out in a well-reasoned fashion, and are certainly thought-provoking, while simultaneously challenging the norms with which you would have considered the situations presented.

    Throughout the body of work of “Superfreakonomics,” some of the stories feel on point and others do not. While the authors attempt to let the reader know that their theories are not the end of the story, some of the conclusions drawn feel forced and are often controversial at best, and misleading at worst. That does not make the book any less worthy of your time, but that fact must be noted and taken with a grain of salt before committing to what it is they are trying to accomplish with the book. If you dedicate yourself to reading this book with an open mind, the stories will be more insightful and have more of an impact. That being said, just because you are open to what Levitt and Dubner propose does not mean you have to agree with them. Even in disagreeing, the reasoning they use to make their points is powerful enough to allow you to draw some of the same conclusions they arrived at and may drive you to do your own research regarding any questions the authors left unanswered.

    In reading this book, what really makes it worthwhile is the change that can occur in your own thought processes. “Superfreakonomics” truly challenges and alters your perception of the world and makes you see things in a different light. It amplifies your understanding of the issues discussed in the book in ways that other similar books do not. This book is highly recommended for anyone that believes there can be more than one side to every story.

    References
    Levitt, S. D., & Dubner, S. J. (2009). Superfreakonomics. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers.

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  • 2

    Levitt, Steven D. and Stephen J. Dubner (2009). Superfreakonomics: Global Cooling, Patriotic Prostitutes and Why Suicide Bombers Should Buy Life Insurance. London: Allen Lane. 2009. ISBN 9780713999914 ...continue

    Levitt, Steven D. and Stephen J. Dubner (2009). Superfreakonomics: Global Cooling, Patriotic Prostitutes and Why Suicide Bombers Should Buy Life Insurance. London: Allen Lane. 2009. ISBN 9780713999914. Pagine 256. 14.99 £

    Moltissimi anni fa, pochi giorni prima della morte del Grande Timoniere (quindi doveva essere la fine d’agosto o l’inizio di settembre del 1976), in viaggio alla volta della Sardegna con gli zii, ci fermammo a mangiare da quello che all’epoca era il più reputato ristorante di Castiglion della Pescaia. Mi pare si chiamasse Romano (non esiste più da tempo). Ci servì di secondo dei gamberoni, o delle mazzancolle, spettacolari, fritti con una spolverata di pan grattato. Chiedemmo il bis. Il secondo piatto faceva schifo, tanto che accusammo Romano di aver riutilizzato lo stesso olio.

    I sequel, nei libri ancor più che nei film e nei ristoranti, sono in genere peggiori dell’originale. Penso che la ragione vada divisa, ma non in parti eguali, tra autore e lettore. Al lettore manca l’effetto sorpresa: sa già quello che si deve aspettare, i punti di forza del modo di scrivere e di argomentare dell’autore li dà per scontati, i punti deboli e le cadute di stile li trova ormai, più che irritanti, insopportabili. Ma le responsabilità principali le ha in genere l’autore che, spinto dal successo del libro precedente, dai diritti che gli intasano il conto bancario e dalle pressioni della casa editrice, ti propina more of the same. E questo more of the same è, magari, qualche cosa che (saggiamente) l’editor aveva espunto dal primo volume, o una compilation frettolosa di articoli pubblicati sui quotidiani sull’onda del successo.

    L’unico capitolo che meriti di essere letto, secondo me, è il quinto, “What do Al Gore and Mount Pinatubo have in common?”

    * * *

    Pochissime citazioni:

    And yes, just as your grandmother always told you, practice does make perfect. But not just willy-nilly practice. Mastery arrives through what Ericsson calls “deliberate practice.” This entails more than simply playing a C-minor scale a hundred times or hitting tennis serves until your shoulder pops out of its pocket. Deliberate practice has three key components: setting specific goals; obtaining intermediate feedback; and concentrating as much on technique as on outcome [p. 61]

    To build this fast, flexible, muscular, encyclopaedic system, Feied and Smith turned to their old crush:object-oriented programming. They set to work using a new architecture that they called “data-centric” and “data-atomic.” Their system would deconstruct each piece of data from every department and store it in a way that allowed it to interact with any other piece of data, or any other 1 billion pieces. [p. 72]

    […] “Are people really altruistic?” is the wrong kind of question to ask. People aren’t “good” or “bad”. People are people, and they respond to incentives. [p. 125]

    To solve this puzzle, Semmelweis became a data detective. [p. 135]

    […] “McNamara is selling safety but Chevrolet is selling cars.” [p. 158]

    Indeed, if we hadn’t played with Mother Nature by using ammonium nitrate to raise our crop yields, many readers of this book wouldn’t exist today. (Or they would at least be too busy to read, spending all day scrounging for roots and berries.) [p. 160]

    Because cows – as well as sheep and other cud-chewing animals called ruminants –are wicked pollutants. Their exhalation and flatulence and belching and manure emit methane, which by one common measure is twenty-times more potent as a greenhouse gas than the carbon dioxide released by cars (and, by the way, humans). The world’s ruminants are responsible for about 50 percent more greenhouse gas than the entire transportation system. [p. 167: poco sotto spiega perché il movimento "locavore" peggiora il problema, dal momento che la fase di produzione pesa per l'80% delle emissioni e i piccoli produttori sono molto più inefficienti dei grandi, mentre la fase di trasporto pesa soltanto per l'11%; però, ci spiega Mary Roach in Gulp, gli erbivori non ruttano]

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  • 4

    Bestseller de no-ficcion americano de libro. Esta gente son unos artistas de este formato. El papel de los incentivos, premeditados o no, y sus inesperadas consecuencias.

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