Is Google making us stupid? In this extraordinary new book, as incendiary as it's important, Nicholas Carr argues that the internet is changing dramatically how we think, remember and interact.DescriptionThe Internet is eroding our capacity for ...
pacity for concentration and contemplation, chipping away at our ability to read and think deeply. In The Shallows, Nicholas Carr argues that every information technology, whether it's the alphabet or the map or the computer, carries an intellectual ethic - a set of assumptions about the nature of information and intelligence. The mechanical clock demanded that the world be understood in terms of divided and measurable time: it was the ethic of the scientist. The printing press tuned our minds to the supple, linear arguments of individual thinkers: it was the ethic of the writer. The Internet is entirely different. It encourages the rapid, nonlinear collection and processing of many small bits of information from many sources. Its ethic is the ethic of the industrialist, an ethic of speed and efficiency, of inputs and outputs, of optimised production and consumption. Drawing on neuroscience, media theory, and economics, Nicholas Carr argues that our ever-growing dependence on the Internet is not only influencing our behaviour but is actually rewiring the neural circuitry of our brains. It's changing the way we think, perhaps even altering our conception of our selves. The Internet, like the popular information technologies that came before it, is remaking us in its own image. We are becoming ever more adept at surfing and skimming information, but what we are losing is our capacity for concentration, contemplation, and reflection. We are moving from the depths to the shallows.
About Nicholas Carr Nicholas Carr is the author of The Big Switch: Rewiring the World, from Edison to Google. He contributes to the New York Times, Guardian, Financial Times and Wired. He was formerly the executive editor of the Harvard Business Review, where he specialised in editing and writing articles on business strategy, information technology, and the Internet.
"The irony in Google's effort to bring greater efficiency to reading is that it undermines the very different kind of efficiency that the technology of the book brought to reading - and to our minds - in the first place. By freeing us from the"The irony in Google's effort to bring greater efficiency to reading is that it undermines the very different kind of efficiency that the technology of the book brought to reading - and to our minds - in the first place. By freeing us from the struggle of decoding text, the form that writing came to take on a page of parchment or paper enabled us to become deep readers, to turn our attention, and our brain power, to the interpretation of meaning. With writing on the screen, we're still able to decode text quickly - we read, if anything, faster than ever - but we're no longer guided toward a deep, personally constructed understandig of the text's connotations. Instead, we're hurried off toward another bit o related information, and then another, and another. The strip-mining of "relevant content" replaces the slow excavation of meaning." (p. 166)...Continua Nascondi
This book is all about Understanding Media (McLulan), a book more talked about then read, says Carr. I suspect this is the case for many more books. The medium is the message: whenever a new medium comes along, people get caught in the informationThis book is all about Understanding Media (McLulan), a book more talked about then read, says Carr. I suspect this is the case for many more books. The medium is the message: whenever a new medium comes along, people get caught in the information it carries. More importantly: in the long run it influences how we think and act.
Carr is rightfully concerned by the impact of the Net. Good question: is culture being democratized or is it being dumbed down? And have we arrived at a moment of transition between two different modes of thinking? Carr has done some deep thinking (and research) himself and wrote this book (and partly rewired his brain). Why: The Net keeps us from thinking deeply or creatively. The web places more pressure on our working memory, and hence obstructs the consolidation of long term memories. It is a technology of forgetfulness.
The process of consolidation of short-term to long-term memories is delicate. When the load exceeds our minds ability to store and process the information, our ability to learn suffers and our understanding remains shallow. True enlightment comes from contemplation and retrospection. But currently our brain, plastic as it is, is adapting to the new situation.
I really liked the references to maps and spatial thinking. Only quoting the cartographic historian Arthur Robinson: “The combination of the reduction of reality and the construct of an analogical space is an attainment in abstract thinking of a very high order indeed, for it enables one to discover structures that would remain known if not mapped”. And writes Carr (like most sentences in this note): We also now know that the changes in the brain spurred by map use could be deployed for other purposes, which helps explain how abstract thinking in general could be promoted by the cartographers’ craft.
Read this book as well if you want to understand how Google, which may yet turn out to be a flash in the pan, is really in the business of distraction; why Augustine was surprised to see a person read in silence and read the truly exquisite “the house of quiet and the world was calm”.
And some great quotes:
Tasks that demand wisdom should not be delegated to computers (Weizenbaum). Human beings are ashamed to have been born instead of made (G. Anders). Whenever we turn on a computer we are plunged into an ecosystem of distractiveness (Cory Doctorow). I would also would hate to see us all get lost into that scripted world; scripted by others that is. Just to be sure: only reading these remarks can be shallow as well. It serves only as a note-to-myself and as an invitation to some deep thinking. By reading The Shallows....Continua Nascondi