In this timely critical introduction to the representation of Afghanistan in film, Mark Graham examines the often surprising combination of propaganda and poetry in films made in Hollywood and the East. Through the lenses of postcolonial theory and historical reassessment, Graham analyzes what these films say about Afghanistan, Islam, and the West and argues that they are integral tools for forming discourse on Afghanistan, a means for understanding and avoiding past mistakes, and symbols of the country's shaky but promising future. Thoughtfully addressing many of the misperceptions about Afghanistan perpetuated in the West, Afghanistan in the Cinema incorporates incisive analysis of the market factors, funding sources, and political agendas that have shaped the films. The book considers a range of films, beginning with the 1970s epics "The Man Who Would Become King" and "The Horsemen" and following the shifts in representation of the Muslim world during the Russian War in films such as "The Beast" and "Rambo III". Graham then moves on to Taliban-era films such as "Kandahar", "Osama", and "Ellipsis", the first Afghan film directed by a woman. Lastly, the book discusses imperialist nostalgia in films such as "Charlie Wilson's War" and destabilizing visions represented in contemporary works such as "The Kite Runner".