Multiculturalism still matters and is even more important after 7/7 than it was before. The political discourse and rhetoric of integration sits uncomfortably alongside both multicultural realities e.g. the civil disturbances in Birmingham, England (October 2005), Paris, France (November 2005) and Sydney, Australia (December, 2005) and social scientific notions of where multiculturalism positions itself domestically and internationally.This edited collection is intended to be a major contribution to studies of multiculturalism examining the historical background and anthropological context, alongside more contemporary applied social policy perspectives. In this volume, we argue that a multicultural perspective is as relevant and important, both socially and politically in a post 7/7 world. Within a post 7/7 context, there are contributors within this edited collection who argue for both integrationist and multicultural approaches. The volume acknowledges both concepts and encourages the reader to increase understandings of both arguments and position her/himself within the debates.